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May 3 is World Press Freedom Day. It is an annual event. The United Nations (U.N.) selected this date in 1993 or 30 years ago.The U.N. says “freedom of the press” is a human right.Nowadays, “the press” is many things. Called the media, it includes television and radio news reporting, newspapers and magazines, and news websites.Freedom of the press exists in many countries. In these places, news reporters are not restricted. They can write and say what they believe to be true. Reporters can criticize the government.In some countries, there is no press freedom. The government owns or controls most of the media. This happens in communist countries and dictatorships.In some countries, news reporters are arrested. The U.N. says, without a free press, a country cannot be fully democratic. The U.N. believes a free press is good for a country’s economy. It helps to stop government corruption.Each year, the U.N. awards a press freedom prize. Usually, prize winners live and work in countries where press freedom is limited.This year’s prize was given to three women in Iran. They are in prison. The woman reported on recent anti-government protests.
Manager’s Con Answer: No, scientists should not find out what caused the sea urchin die-off. This is not very important. Mass die-offs can happen naturally. It may not be possible to prevent them. Also, there are more important issues to study. For example, scientist should find ways to protect endangered marine animals.
Manager’s Pro Answer: Yes, scientists should find out what caused the sea urchin die-off. Knowing the cause can prevent future die-offs. This can protect sea urchin populations. Scientists can also know the changes in the oceans and how it affects marine creatures.