Mankind's "giant leap"
Lesson Date : 2019-08-05


  • Mankind's "giant leap"
  • Neil Armstrong was an American astronaut.
  • He was the first man to walk on the Moon.
  • As he put his foot on the surface he said the words "that's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind".
  • Many people believe that the 1969 Moon landing was one of the most remarkable events in history.
  • On July 16, 1969, a rocket took Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins into space.
  • This year's July 16 was the 50th anniversary of the start of the Moon landing mission, or Apollo 11.
  • Four days after leaving the Earth, Armstrong and Aldrin walked on the Moon.
  • Collins stayed part of the spaceship that continued to orbit the Moon.
  • Armstrong died in 2012, aged 82.
  • Buzz Aldrin is now 89 years old and Collins is 88.
  • After the end of the Second World War in 1945, the U.S. and the Russian-led Soviet Union became enemies.
  • The two countries began an unofficial competition that became known as the Space Race.
  • Both countries wanted to be the first to land a man on the Moon.
  • In 1957, Russia sent the first satellite into orbit and the first living thing into space.
  • It was a dog called Laika.
  • The dog died of overheating.
  • In 1961, a Russian was the first person in space.
  • His spacecraft orbited the Earth once.
  • At that time, John F. Kennedy was the American president.
  • He announced that within ten years, the U.S. would land a man on the Moon and return him safely back to Earth.
  • NASA is the U.S. space agency.
  • Its plan for the Moon landing was called Project Apollo.
  • Each Apollo mission tested equipment and flight plans.
  • Apollo 1 was a disaster.
  • Its three astronauts died as a fire broke out before the rocket took off.
  • In 1968, Apollo 8 became the first manned spacecraft to orbit the Moon and return to the Earth.
  • Apollo 11 was the first to try to land on the Moon.
  • Apollo 11 traveled 386,000 kilometers.
  • It took three days to get to the Moon.
  • The spacecraft separated into two.
  • Armstrong and Aldrin were in the Lunar Module or the "Eagle".
  • Collins stayed in the Command and Service Module.
  • The Lunar Module landed on the Moon.
  • About 600 million people all around the world watched it on live television.
  • Armstrong and Aldrin collected rock and soil samples, took photographs, set up some experiments, and planted an American flag.
  • They spent two hours and 20 minutes on the Moon.
  • A few days later, the three astronauts returned to Earth on the Command Module.
  • It landed in the Pacific Ocean.
  • NASA's last manned Moon mission was Apollo 17 in 1972.
  • In total, twelve astronauts have walked on the Moon.
  • All were Americans.
  • Recently, NASA has announced plans for another manned Moon mission in 2024.
  • Many people predict that this will be the start of space mining, tourism and research.